You are there: Home » Exchange Programmes » ECTS European Credit Transfer System

ECTS European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System

ECTS is a credit system designed to make it easier for students to move between different countries. Since they are based on the learning achievements and workload of a course, a student can transfer their ECTS credits from one university to another so they are added up to contribute to an individual's degree programme or training.ECTS helps to make learning more student-centred. It is a central tool in the Bologna Process, which aims to make national systems more compatible. ECTS also helps with the planning, delivery and evaluation of study programs, and makes them more transparent.

Grading system

Marks awarded at italian universities are on a scale from 18 to 30 scale (30 being the highest vote/18 the lowest). If the mark is not over 18 then the exam performance is considered unsatisfactory so no grade is written on the university student’s record book. A certain number of credits are awarded for each examination. One ECTS credit in the italian system corresponds to 25 working hours, taking account of all types of activity required (lessons, seminars, individual or group study, etc.). So 1 CFU (Credito Formativo Universitario) is equivalent to 1 ECTS credit.